[Bear Berries, Kinnickinnicks and Manzanitas: The Genus Arctostaphylos in the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]

Greenleaf Manzanita, Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita

Arctostaphylos patula

Synonyms: Arctostaphylos acutifolia, Arctostaphylos parryana, Arctostaphylos parryana var. pinetorum, Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla, Arctostaphylos patula var. coalescens, Arctostaphylos platyphylla

Greenleaf Manzanita, Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula (Synonyms: Arctostaphylos acutifolia, Arctostaphylos parryana, Arctostaphylos parryana var. pinetorum, Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla, Arctostaphylos patula var. coalescens, Arctostaphylos platyphylla) - Greenleaf Manzanita, Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula (Synonyms: Arctostaphylos acutifolia, Arctostaphylos parryana, Arctostaphylos parryana var. pinetorum, Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla, Arctostaphylos patula var. coalescens, Arctostaphylos platyphylla) - Greenleaf Manzanita, Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula (Synonyms: Arctostaphylos acutifolia, Arctostaphylos parryana, Arctostaphylos parryana var. pinetorum, Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla, Arctostaphylos patula var. coalescens, Arctostaphylos platyphylla)

Green-leaf manzanita observed atop Grizzly Peak, Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument.......Ocober 14, 2019.
Characteristics:

Also known as green manzanita, green-leaf manzanita is an attractive spreading shrub with branching stems from 1-2 meters high arising from a thickened base. The younger twigs, petioles, and floral bracts are dark with glandular hairs or occasionally with spreading hairs while the older stems are glabrous and reddish-tinged. The leaves are elliptic, oblanceolate, obovate or spatulate in outline and 3-5 cm long and up to 2.5 cm wide. The tip of the blade is rounded or ends with a minute spine-like tip while the blade surface is bright green and shiny. The petioles are up to 1.5 cm long.

The flowers are found in dense, short panicles.  The glabrous pedicels are 4-6 mm long while the floral bracts are triangular and 1-2.5 mm long. The sepals are white with membranous tips and the pink corollas are urn-shaped and bright pink, measuring up to 6 mm long. The glabrous fruit is is brownish to blackish and 7-10 mm wide.


Habitat:

Green-leaf manzanita may be found in open conifer forests at moderate elevations in the mountains.


Range:

Green-leaf manzanita may be found from near Mt. Hood in the northern Oregon Cascade Mts. south to southern Oregon and east through south-central Oregon to Colorado and further south through the Coast Range and Sierra Nevada to southern California.


Mature fruits and leaves of Greenleaf Manzanita, Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula (Synonyms: Arctostaphylos acutifolia, Arctostaphylos parryana, Arctostaphylos parryana var. pinetorum, Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla, Arctostaphylos patula var. coalescens, Arctostaphylos platyphylla) - Greenleaf Manzanita, Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula (Synonyms: Arctostaphylos acutifolia, Arctostaphylos parryana, Arctostaphylos parryana var. pinetorum, Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla, Arctostaphylos patula var. coalescens, Arctostaphylos platyphylla)

Mature fruits of green-leaf manzanita observed at left along the Pacific Crest Trail on the south side of Mt. Ashland, Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest.......October 15, 2019. The photo at right shows green-leaf manzanita in bloom in forest openings along the southern edge of the summit of Grizzly Peak, Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument.......May 27, 2021.

Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula (Synonym: Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla) - Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula (Synonym: Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla) - Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula (Synonym: Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla) Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula (Synonym: Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla) - Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula (Synonym: Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla)

Geen-leaf manzanita blooming along Forest Road 2901 about 3-4 miles uphill from the junction with Oregon Highway 31, Fremont-Winema National Forest.........April 30, 2017.

Greenleaf Manzanita, Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula (Synonyms: Arctostaphylos acutifolia, Arctostaphylos parryana, Arctostaphylos parryana var. pinetorum, Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla, Arctostaphylos patula var. coalescens, Arctostaphylos platyphylla) - Greenleaf Manzanita, Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula (Synonyms: Arctostaphylos acutifolia, Arctostaphylos parryana, Arctostaphylos parryana var. pinetorum, Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla, Arctostaphylos patula var. coalescens, Arctostaphylos platyphylla)

Greenleaf Manzanita, Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula (Synonyms: Arctostaphylos acutifolia, Arctostaphylos parryana, Arctostaphylos parryana var. pinetorum, Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla, Arctostaphylos patula var. coalescens, Arctostaphylos platyphylla) - Greenleaf Manzanita, Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula (Synonyms: Arctostaphylos acutifolia, Arctostaphylos parryana, Arctostaphylos parryana var. pinetorum, Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla, Arctostaphylos patula var. coalescens, Arctostaphylos platyphylla)

Green-leaf manzanita with ripe fruits at Fivemile Lookout, Mount Hood National Forest.......October 15, 2021.

Green-leaf Manzanita, Snowbrush Manzanita: Arctostaphylos patula (Synonym: Arctostaphylos patula ssp. platyphylla)

The photo above shows the erect, shrub-like growth, large leaves and masses of pendant, bell-shaped flowers of green-leaf manzanita as seen on Winter Rim in the Fremont NF of south-central Oregon.............May 26, 1996.

Paul Slichter