[True Firs East of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]

Grand Fir, Lowland Fir, Lowland White Fir, Stinking Fir

Abies grandis

Synonyms: Abies grandis var. grandis, Abies grandis var. idahoensis, Pinus grandis

Grand Fir, Lowland Fir, Lowland White Fir, Stinking Fir: Abies grandis (Synonyms: Abies grandis var. grandis, Abies grandis var. idahoensis, Pinus grandis)

Branch of grand fir seen in the Bickleton Ridge Unit of the Klickitat Wildlife Area...........May 28, 2017. There don't appear to be many of this tree species at this location, at least on the south-facing slopes.

Grand Fir, Lowland Fir, Lowland White Fir, Stinking Fir: Abies grandis (Synonyms: Abies grandis var. grandis, Abies grandis var. idahoensis, Pinus grandis)

A branch of grand fir showing the two-ranked needle pattern as seen at Brooks Memorial State Park near Satus Pass, Washington...........May 19, 2014.

Dorsal surface of needles of Grand Fir, Lowland Fir, Lowland White Fir, Stinking Fir: Abies grandis (Synonyms: Abies grandis var. grandis, Abies grandis var. idahoensis, Pinus grandis)

The photo above shows the green, upper surface of the needles of grand fir with their two rows of silvery-white stomatal bloom. Note the central groove down the middle of the upper surface, slightly notched tips to th eneedles, and needles of varied lengths, the shorter ones generally appearing the uppermost. Photographed along forest road #060 just west of Bunnell Butte, at the southeastern corner of Mt. Adams........October 14, 2005.

Grand Fir, Lowland Fir, Lowland White Fir, Stinking Fir: Abies grandis (Synonyms: Abies grandis var. grandis, Abies grandis var. idahoensis, Pinus grandis)

The photo above shows the glossy green upper surface of the needles of grand fir. Note that the needles generally two-ranked in one plane, with slightly shorter needles above the longer, lower needles. Note also, the rounded bud at the tip of the stem. Photographed along forest road #060 just west of Bunnell Butte, at the southeastern corner of Mt. Adams.........October 14, 2005.

Paul Slichter