[Willows East of the of the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington]

Sitka Willow

Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis

Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana

Female catkins of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana)

Female catkins and young leaves of sitka willow as seen along the Eagle Creek Trail, Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area.............April 13, 2012.

Ventral leaf surface of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana) - Dorsal leaf surface of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana)

Close-ups of the ovaries of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana) - Close-up of the female catkin of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana)

Female catkins and young leaves of sitka willow as seen along the Eagle Creek Trail, Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area.............April 13, 2012. Note the hairy ovaries, dark-tipped subtending bracts, and the hairy ventral leaf surface contrasting with the glabrous, green upper leaf surface.

Pistillate catkins and young leaves of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis(Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana, Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis)

A close-up of the female catkins and young leaves of sitka willow as found along the Springwater Trail east of Main City Park, Gresham, Oregon............April 17, 2012.

Staminate catkin and young leaves of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis(Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana, Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis) - Young leaves and the hairy pistils and subtending floral bracts of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis(Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana, Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis)

Staminate flowers with subtending floral bracts and young leaves of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis(Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana, Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis)

Close-ups of the staminate catkins and young leaves (upper left) hairy pistils with their subtending floral bracts (uper right) and staminate flowers with subtending floral bracts (lower photo) of sitka willow as found along the Springwater Trail east of Main City Park, Gresham, Oregon............April 17, 2012.

Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana)

Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana) - Male catkin and twig of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana)

Male catkin and young leaves of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana) - Male catkins of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana)

Female catkin of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana)

Close-up of a female catkin of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana)

Examples of Sitka willow as seen along the North Loop Road at the Steens Mountain, southeastern Oregon..............June 2, 2012. The site is a large moist meadow on the east side of the road (private land?) between Fish Lake and Jackman Park. Note the black bracts with rounded tips subtending both male and female flowers, the hair-covered pistils and the male flowers with single stamen with glabrous filament. A hairy filament would mean var. angustifolia which is found above 7000' on the mountain.

Female catkin of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana)

Lower leaf surface of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana) - Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana) - Upper leaf surface of Sitka Willow: Salix sitchensis var. sitchensis (Synonyms: Salix coulteri, Salix cuneata, Salix sitchensis var. congesta, Salix sitchensis var. denudata, Salix sitchensis var. parviflora, Salix sitchensis var. ralphiana)

Images from a female Sitka willow as seen along the Umatilla Rim Trail about one-quarter mile north of the junction with the Lake Creek Trail, Umatilla National Forest.............June 30, 2012.

Paul Slichter