[Gumweeds: The Genus Grindelia East of the Cascade Mts. of Oregon and Washington]

Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed

Grindelia nana var. nana

Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta

Flower head of Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta)

The photo above shows a close-up of the flower head of low gumweed (var. nana) as seen from sandy soils above the Spokane River to the West of Long Lake in eastern Washington........June 25, 2006.

Upper stem leaves and flower heads of Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta)The photo at right shows low gumweed (var. nana) as seen from Steptoe Butte, Palouse country in eastern Washington.........June 25, 2006.
Characteristics:

Low gumweed is a smooth-surfaced perennial, having a taproot and many branched stems. It ranges in height from 10 to 80 cm. The leaves are largest near the base of the stems, and reduced in size towards the tips. Each leaf is spiny margined to entire, with the lower leaves oblanceolate and occasionally clasping at the stem, and the smaller upper leaves more often with clasping bases. Both the leaves and stems are glabrous.

The flower heads have both ray and disk flowers. The involucre (or bracts below the flowers) are conspicuously spiny-tipped, with the spines arcing outwards. The bracts are also distinctly non-resinous.

The flower heads of variety nana have a disk about 8 to 15 mm across, and an involucre about 1 cm tall. Variety integrifolia has disks to 25 mm across, and an involucre 10 to 17 mm high. The species has roughly 12 to 25 ray flowers.


Habitat:

Low gumweed is found in dry open places in the lowlands and into the foothills.


Range:

Variety nana is found primarily in eastern Washington and northern Idaho, and southward to Union County, OR. Variety Grindelia nana var. integrifolia is found in the range of the species, from eastern Washington and eastern washington, extending east to western Montana, and also found in northwestern California and southwestern Oregon. It may occur at other western locations as an introduced weedy species.


Close-up of the retrorse tips of the involucral bracts of Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta) - Upper stem leaves of Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta)

Close-ups of the distinctive involucre as well as the upper stem leaves of low gumweed as seen on sandy soils above the Spokane River to the west of Long Lake in eastern Washington.........June 25, 2006. Note the hooked tips to the involucral bracts, which are reflexed downwards.

Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta) - Flower head of Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta)

Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta) - Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta)

Additional close-up photos of low gumweed (In Hitchcock, var. integrifolia) as seen from alkaline soils in vernally moist swales along the old Sprague Highway west of Fishtrap Lake in eastern Washington.........July 6, 2011. This species is very similar in appearance to Grindelia squarrosa. I keyed this out to Grindelia hirsutula (Synonym of G. nana) using the Grindelia key in the eflora of North America (http://www.efloras.org/) based on the number of ray flowers and the sharp teeth along the leaf margins.

Close-up of the involucral bracts of Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta) - Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta) - Flower head of Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta) - Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta)

The photos above show close-ups of low gumweed as it's found on Zumwalt Prairie to the northeast of Enterprise, OR.......July 9, 2007.

Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta) - Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta) - Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta)

Examples of low gumweed as seen along the Stubblefield Trail, Turnbull National Wildlife Refuge.......July 4, 2018.

Alternating stem leaves of Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta) - Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta) - Close-up the involucral bracts of Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta)

Examples of low gumweed blooming along Forest Service Road #1647 in southeastern Logan Valley, Malheur National Forest........August 3, 2011.

Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta) - Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta) - Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta) - Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta)

Low gumweed as viewed on a gravel bar on the east bank of the John Day River directly across from the camp ground at Cottonwood Canyon State Park........October 25, 2017.

Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta) - Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta)

Low gumweed (var. nana) from Steptoe Butte, Palouse country in eastern Washington.........6/27/98.

Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta) - Coastal Gumweed, Columbia Gumplant, Columbia Gumweed, Idaho Gumweed, Low Gumweed, Resinweed: Grindelia nana var. nana (Synonyms: Grindelia arenicola, Grindelia columbiana, Grindelia hirsutula, Grindelia integrifolia var. macrophylla, Grindelia nana, Grindelia nana ssp. columbiana, Grindelia nana ssp. nana, Grindelia nana var. discoidea, Grindelia nana var. integerrima, Grindelia nana var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. integrifolia, Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis, Grindelia stricta ssp. stricta, Grindelia stricta var. stricta)

Photo above shows the upper stem leaves and hooked involucral bracts of low gumweed (var. nana) from Steptoe Butte, Palouse country in eastern Washington.........6/27/98.

Paul Slichter