[The Milk-vetch East of the Cascade Mts. of Oregon and Washington]

Basalt Milkvetch, Basalt Milk-vetch, Threadstalk Milkvetch, Threadstalk Milk-vetch

Astragalus filipes

Synonyms: Astragalus filipes var. residuus, Astragalus macgregorii, Astragalus stenophyllus, Astragalus stenophyllus var. filipes, Astragalus stenophyllus var. stenophyllus

Basalt Milkvetch, Basalt Milk-vetch, Threadstalk Milkvetch, Threadstalk Milk-vetch: Astragalus filipes (Synonyms: Astragalus filipes var. residuus, Astragalus macgregorii, Astragalus stenophyllus, Astragalus stenophyllus var. filipes, Astragalus stenophyllus var. stenophyllus)

Threadstalk milkvetch as seen on ash deposits along Oregon Highway 218 about one mile east of Clarno, OR..........May 14, 2010. Note the tufted evening primrose (Oenothera cespitosa ssp. cespitosa) at the base of the milkvetch.


Basalt Milkvetch, Basalt Milk-vetch, Threadstalk Milkvetch, Threadstalk Milk-vetch: Astragalus filipes (Synonyms: Astragalus filipes var. residuus, Astragalus macgregorii, Astragalus stenophyllus, Astragalus stenophyllus var. filipes, Astragalus stenophyllus var. stenophyllus)The photo at right shows the upright form of threadstalk milk-vetch with its leafy, upright or ascending stems toppedby numerous racemes of flowers and pendant pods ranging in height between 0.5-1 meter. Photographed along Road 8 about 5 miles south of Mitchell, OR...........May 24, 1998.
Characteristics:

Threadstalk milk-vetch is a perennial wildflower with clusters of slender erect to ascending stems from 30-90 cm high arising from a branched crown atop a taproot. The stems may be simple, but are often much-branched. The stems and leaves either are covered with minute, appressed hairs or are nearly glabrous, and thus typically appear fairly green. The pinnately compound leaves measure 6-10 cm long with 9-25 linear to linear-oblanceolate leaflets each from 0.7-2 cm long and 1-2 mm wide (See photo immediately below.).

The flower stem measues up to 20 cm long and typically exceeds the leaves. The racemes are loosely 10-30 flowered. The pedicels are slender and measure 2-6 mm long while the calyx is an elongated bell up to 5 mm long with broad but shallow teeth up to 1 mm long (See photo above.). The calyx is usually covered with numerous white or blackish hairs appressed to the tube. The pale yellow to whitish corolla is 10-12 mm long and are spreading or slightly nodding. The banner is held erect while the lateral wings have rounded tips and are 1-4 mm longer than the keel. The mature pods are green and laterally compressed. Their outline is linear to narrowly oblong-elliptic and they are rounded at both ends. The pods measure 15-35 mm long and 4-6 mm wide and have a long, slender stalk that is 10-15 mm long (See photo below.). This slender stalk which attaches the pod to the drying calyx is what gives this species it name of "threadstalk" milk-vetch. The pods are generally glabrous.


Habitat:

Threadstalk milk-vetch may be found on the dry plains and sagebrush desert and into the foothills.


Range:

Threadstalk milk-vetch is found from southern British Columbia southward east of the Cascade Mts. to central Idaho and northeastern California, eastward to central Nevada.


Flower of Basalt Milkvetch, Basalt Milk-vetch, Threadstalk Milkvetch, Threadstalk Milk-vetch: Astragalus filipes (Synonyms: Astragalus filipes var. residuus, Astragalus macgregorii, Astragalus stenophyllus, Astragalus stenophyllus var. filipes, Astragalus stenophyllus var. stenophyllus)

The photo above shows a close-up view of the flower of threadstalk milk-vetch as seen north of Borax Lake in the Alvord Basin of southeastern Oregon.........May 28, 2000. Note that both the wings and banner are much longer than the keel, which is sharply upcurved at its tip. The wings are also slightly upcurved while the long banner is likewise curved sharply upwards to nearly a 90 degree angle at midlength. Also note the calyx tube covered with short white and black hairs and the short, broadly triangular calyx lobes.

Leaf of Basalt Milkvetch, Basalt Milk-vetch, Threadstalk Milkvetch, Threadstalk Milk-vetch: Astragalus filipes (Synonyms: Astragalus filipes var. residuus, Astragalus macgregorii, Astragalus stenophyllus, Astragalus stenophyllus var. filipes, Astragalus stenophyllus var. stenophyllus)

The photo above shows a stem leaf of threadstalk milk-vetch as seen north of Borax Lake in the Alvord Basin of southeastern Oregon.........May 28, 2000. Note that the leaf would normally appear much greener and glabrous than this photo shows.

Fruits of Basalt Milkvetch, Basalt Milk-vetch, Threadstalk Milkvetch, Threadstalk Milk-vetch: Astragalus filipes (Synonyms: Astragalus filipes var. residuus, Astragalus macgregorii, Astragalus stenophyllus, Astragalus stenophyllus var. filipes, Astragalus stenophyllus var. stenophyllus) - Pods of Basalt Milkvetch, Basalt Milk-vetch, Threadstalk Milkvetch, Threadstalk Milk-vetch: Astragalus filipes (Synonyms: Astragalus filipes var. residuus, Astragalus macgregorii, Astragalus stenophyllus, Astragalus stenophyllus var. filipes, Astragalus stenophyllus var. stenophyllus) - Seed pods of Basalt Milkvetch, Basalt Milk-vetch, Threadstalk Milkvetch, Threadstalk Milk-vetch: Astragalus filipes (Synonyms: Astragalus filipes var. residuus, Astragalus macgregorii, Astragalus stenophyllus, Astragalus stenophyllus var. filipes, Astragalus stenophyllus var. stenophyllus)

The photo at left shows a close-up of the lanceolate pods of threadstalk milk-vetch. This species "earns" its name from the long, narrow stipe which extends from the calyx and whitish stamens to the pod. Note that the pod is much compressed laterally. Photographed at the South Steens Mt. Campground in southeastern Oregon...........May 26, 1996. The photo at center shows the pods of threadstalk milk-vetch after releasing their seeds. The long stipe or stalk at the base of the pod is easily recognizable. Photographed on north-facing slopes of Sulphur Ridge in the South Fork Crooked River Wilderness Study Area..........October 25, 2015. The photo at right shows the maturing seed pods of threadstalk milkvetch as seen along the Rimrock Springs Trail #850, Crooked River National Grasslands.........June 24, 2017.

Basalt Milkvetch, Basalt Milk-vetch, Threadstalk Milkvetch, Threadstalk Milk-vetch: Astragalus filipes (Synonyms: Astragalus filipes var. residuus, Astragalus macgregorii, Astragalus stenophyllus, Astragalus stenophyllus var. filipes, Astragalus stenophyllus var. stenophyllus) - Pendant pods of Basalt Milkvetch, Basalt Milk-vetch, Threadstalk Milkvetch, Threadstalk Milk-vetch: Astragalus filipes (Synonyms: Astragalus filipes var. residuus, Astragalus macgregorii, Astragalus stenophyllus, Astragalus stenophyllus var. filipes, Astragalus stenophyllus var. stenophyllus)

Additional close-ups of threadstalk milkvetch as seen on ash deposits along Oregon Highway 218 about one mile east of Clarno, OR...........May 14, 2010.

Stem leaves and flower buds of Basalt Milkvetch, Basalt Milk-vetch, Threadstalk Milkvetch, Threadstalk Milk-vetch: Astragalus filipes (Synonyms: Astragalus filipes var. residuus, Astragalus macgregorii, Astragalus stenophyllus, Astragalus stenophyllus var. filipes, Astragalus stenophyllus var. stenophyllus)

Stem leaves and flower buds of threadstalk milkvetch as seen on scabland grasslands about one-half mile east of the Odessa Craters parking area, Lincoln County, Washington........May 8, 2012.

Inflorescence of Basalt Milkvetch, Basalt Milk-vetch, Threadstalk Milkvetch, Threadstalk Milk-vetch: Astragalus filipes (Synonyms: Astragalus filipes var. residuus, Astragalus macgregorii, Astragalus stenophyllus, Astragalus stenophyllus var. filipes, Astragalus stenophyllus var. stenophyllus)

The photo above shows a close-up of the upper raceme of threadstalk milk-vetch and a friend, possibly a cedar hairstreak (resting or nectaring?) along the highway a mile or so north of Summer Lake in central Lake County, Oregon............May 26, 1996.

Basalt Milkvetch, Basalt Milk-vetch, Threadstalk Milkvetch, Threadstalk Milk-vetch: Astragalus filipes (Synonyms: Astragalus filipes var. residuus, Astragalus macgregorii, Astragalus stenophyllus, Astragalus stenophyllus var. filipes, Astragalus stenophyllus var. stenophyllus)

Threadstalk milk-vetch near Summer Lake, Or......June, 1995.

Inflorescence of Basalt Milkvetch, Basalt Milk-vetch, Threadstalk Milkvetch, Threadstalk Milk-vetch: Astragalus filipes (Synonyms: Astragalus filipes var. residuus, Astragalus macgregorii, Astragalus stenophyllus, Astragalus stenophyllus var. filipes, Astragalus stenophyllus var. stenophyllus)

The photo above shows a contrasty close-up of the raceme of threadstalk milk-vetch as seen near Summer Lake, Or........June, 1995.


Fruit of Basalt Milkvetch, Basalt Milk-vetch, Threadstalk Milkvetch, Threadstalk Milk-vetch: Astragalus filipes (Synonyms: Astragalus filipes var. residuus, Astragalus macgregorii, Astragalus stenophyllus, Astragalus stenophyllus var. filipes, Astragalus stenophyllus var. stenophyllus)

The photo above shows another view of the long stalked pod of threadstalk milk-vetch as seen at Wilson Creek, a BLM site several miles south of US Highway 2 in central Washington..........June 22, 2006.
Paul Slichter