[Coral Roots: The Genus Corallorhiza East of the Cascade Mts. of Oregon and Washington]

Pacific Coralroot, Spotted Coralroot, Spotted Coral Root, Summer Coralroot

Corallorhiza maculata

Synonyms: Corallorhiza maculata var. immaculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata, Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentalis

Spotted Coralroot, Pacific Coralroot: Corallorhiza maculata

The photo above shows a close-up view of the flower of spotted coral root from Ruckel Ridge, Umatilla N.F.........July 3, 2001.

Characteristics:

Spotted coral root is a small flowered orchid which grows to 20-50 cm tall. The stems have 2-4 sheathing scales. The plant is purplish to reddish in color, although it may be a somewhat yellow-tannish color as an albino form.

The flowers number up to 30, and may be well spaced to crowded on the upper stem. The sepals are from 8 to 10 mm long and narrowly oblong to narrowly oblanceolate in shape. The spur found on Corallorhiza mertensiana is absent or greatly reduced on this species. If present, the spur is yellowish in color. The petals are slightly shorter than the sepals. The lower petal lip is white, with red spots covering it. Corallorhiza maculata may be identified from Corallorhiza mertensiana by its generally lighter red coloration, white lower lip with red spots, and greatly reduced or absent spur.


Habitat:

Spotted coral root is found in moist, coniferous to deciduous forests.


Range:

Spotted coral root is found from British Columbia east to Quebec, and south through Michigan through the western United States to Utah, New Mexico, and northern Mexico.


Spotted Coralroot, Pacific Coralroot: Corallorhiza maculata

Spotted coral root from the Angel's Rest Trail, Columbia River Gorge........June 24, 1990.

Spotted Coralroot, Pacific Coralroot: Corallorhiza maculata

The photo above shows a side view of the flower of spotted coral root from Ruckel Ridge, Umatilla N.F.........July 3, 2001.
Paul Slichter